rsatoolbox.util.searchlight module

This code was initially inspired by the following :

@author: Daniel Lindh

rsatoolbox.util.searchlight.evaluate_models_searchlight(sl_RDM, models, eval_function, method='corr', theta=None, n_jobs=1)[source]

evaluates each searchlighth with the given model/models

  • sl_RDM ([rsatoolbox.rdm.RDMs]) – RDMs object

  • rsatoolbox.util.searchlight.get_searchlight_RDMs (as computed by) –

  • ([rsatoolbox.model] (models) – models to evaluate - can also be list of models

  • eval_function (rsatoolbox.inference evaluation-function) – [description]

  • method (str, optional) – see for specifics. Defaults to ‘corr’.

  • n_jobs (int, optional) – how many jobs to run. Defaults to 1.


list of with the model evaluation for each searchlight center

Return type:


rsatoolbox.util.searchlight.get_searchlight_RDMs(data_2d, centers, neighbors, events, method='correlation', verbose=True)[source]

Iterates over all the searchlight centers and calculates the RDM

  • data_2d (2D numpy array) – brain data,

  • n_channels (shape n_observations x) –

  • centers (1D numpy array) – center indices for all searchlights as provided

  • rsatoolbox.util.searchlight.get_volume_searchlight (as provided by) –

  • neighbors (list) – list of lists with neighbor voxel indices for all searchlights

  • rsatoolbox.util.searchlight.get_volume_searchlight

  • events (1D numpy array) – 1D array of length n_observations

  • method (str, optional) – distance metric,

  • 'correlation'. (see rsatoolbox.rdm.calc for options. Defaults to) –

  • verbose (bool, optional) – Defaults to True.


RDMs object with the RDM for each searchlight

the RDM.rdm_descriptors[‘voxel_index’] describes the center voxel index each RDM is associated with

Return type:

RDM [rsatoolbox.rdm.RDMs]

rsatoolbox.util.searchlight.get_volume_searchlight(mask, radius=2, threshold=1.0)[source]

Searches through the non-zero voxels of the mask, selects centers where proportion of sphere voxels >= self.threshold.

  • mask ([numpy array]) – binary brain mask

  • radius (int, optional) – the radius of each searchlight, defined in voxels.

  • 2. (Defaults to) –

  • threshold (float, optional) – Threshold of the proportion of voxels that need to

  • be (be inside the brain mask in order for it to) –

  • center. (considered a good searchlight) –

  • that (Values go between 0.0 - 1.0 where 1.0 means) –

  • inside (100% of the voxels need to be) –

  • mask. (the brain) –

  • 1.0. (Defaults to) –


array of centers of size n_centers x 3

list: list of lists with neighbors - the length of the list will correspond to: n_centers x 3 x n_neighbors

Return type:

numpy array